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How do I resolve a Permission Denied error?

If you encounter an error message similar to the following:

stack traceback:
        [C]: in local 'poll'
        [string "?"]:5: in function 'kumo.start_http_listener'
        [string "/opt/kumomta/etc/policy/init.lua"]:54: in function <[string "/opt/kumomta/etc/policy/init.lua"]:13>
caused by: Permission denied (os error 13)

The error is caused when the files referenced (and/or their containing directory) are not readable or writable by the kumod user. In the example above, this refers to TLS certificates used in the HTTP listener.

Check that all files referenced to in your init.lua file (including the init.lua file itself), as well as their parent directories, are readable to the kumod user.