Skip to content

Configuring Sending IPs

By default, all traffic injected to the KumoMTA server will be delivered using the default interface configured on the host server. For smaller installations this is acceptable, but best practices recommend separating mail streams into their own IPs addresses in order to isolate reputation and enable larger sending volumes than would be possible on a single IP address.

Using the sources.lua Policy Helper

While the process for creating Egress Sources and Pools is defined below, most users will want to take advantage of the sources.lua policy helper. This is a supplemental script that takes care of the creation logic by leveraging a TOML configuration file you define.

To use the sources.lua policy helper, add the following to your server policy script:

-- Configure source IPs.
local sources = require 'policy-extras.sources'
sources:setup { '/opt/kumomta/etc/sources.toml' }

In addition, create a file at /opt/kumomta/etc/sources.toml and populate it as follows:

[source."ip-1"]
source_address = "10.0.0.1"
ehlo_domain = 'mta1.examplecorp.com'

[source."ip-2"]
source_address = "10.0.0.2"
ehlo_domain = 'mta2.examplecorp.com'

[source."ip-3"]
source_address = "10.0.0.3"
ehlo_domain = 'mta3.examplecorp.com'

# Pool containing just ip-1, which has weight=1
[pool."pool-1"]
[pool."pool-1"."ip-1"]

# Pool with multiple ips
[pool."pool-2"]

[pool."pool-2"."ip-2"]
weight = 2

# We're warming up ip-3, so use it less frequently than ip-2
[pool."pool-2"."ip-3"]
weight = 1

The sources you define can include any options listed for the make_egress_source function.

Assigning Messages to Pools

It's not enough to simply create an Egress Source and assign it to an Egress Pool, the server requires explicit logic to know which message is assigned to which Egress Pool.

This logic occurs in the events related to queue management, see the Queue Management chapter for more information.

Provisioning Egress Sources Using Lua

Note

Most users will be satisfied with using the policy helper shown above. This section and the remainder of this page is for more advanced users.

In KumoMTA, source IPs are described in an Egress Source. And Egress Source represents an object that can be used to send messages and is not attached to a particular protocol. While the most common use case is an IP address used for SMTP, it could also define a specific outbound port for sending through port-based NAT, or a specific configuration for sending over HTTP.

An Egress Source is defined using the kumo.make_egress_source function, called during the init event. For more information, see the make_egress_source chapter of the Reference Manual.

By default, the only option required for defining an Egress Source is a name, creating a logical grouping for messages used for queueing but still using the default server IP address:

kumo.on('get_egress_source', function(source_name)
  if source_name == 'ip-1' then
    return kumo.make_egress_source {
      name = 'ip-1',
    }
  end
  error 'you need to do something for other source names'
end)

Typically an Egress source is used to assign messages to a specific IP address for sending. It is a best practice for each source IP to have a unique hostname used during the EHLO command, that matches a PTR record that points to the external IP associated with the Egress Source. The IP address is set with the source address option and the hostname is set using the ehlo_domain option. The IP address used is not required to be unique to a given Egress Source:

kumo.on('get_egress_source', function(source_name)
  if source_name == 'ip-1' then
    -- Make a source that will emit from 10.0.0.1
    kumo.make_egress_source {
      name = 'ip-1',
      source_address = '10.0.0.1',
      ehlo_domain = 'mta1.examplecorp.com',
    }
  end
  error 'you need to do something for other source names'
end)

KumoMTA supports both IPv4 and IPv6 for sending, based on the source address assigned to the Egress Source:

kumo.on('get_egress_source', function(source_name)
  if source_name == 'ip-1' then
    -- Make a source that will emit from 10.0.0.1
    kumo.make_egress_source {
      name = 'ip-1',
      source_address = '2001:db8:3333:4444:5555:6666:7777:8888',
      ehlo_domain = 'mta2.examplecorp.com',
    }
  end
  error 'you need to do something for other source names'
end)

Provisioning Egress Pools Using Lua

Note

Most users will be satisfied with using the policy helper shown above. This section and the remainder of this page is for more advanced users.

Messages cannot be assigned directly to an Egress Source, but are instead assigned to an Egress Pool. An Egress Pool contains one or more Egress Sources, and messages assigned to the pool are assigned in a round-robin fashion by default, with weighted round-robin available as an option.

A given Egress Source can be added to multiple Egress Pools.

Egress Pools are defined using the kumo.make_egress_pool function, called during the get_egress_pool event:

-- Maps a source name to the corresponding IP address
local SOURCE_TO_IP = {
  ['ip-1'] = '10.0.0.1',
  ['ip-2'] = '10.0.0.2',
  ['ip-3'] = '10.0.0.3',
}

-- This makes it convenient to author the pools, but is not as efficient
-- as it could be. That is balanced out by using memoize below.
function setup_pools()
  local pools = {
    {
      name = 'BestReputation',
      entries = {
        { name = 'ip-1' },
      },
    },
    {
      name = 'MediumReputation',
      entries = {
        { name = 'ip-2', weight = 2 },
        -- we're warming up ip-3, so use it less frequently than ip-2
        { name = 'ip-3', weight = 1 },
      },
    },
  }
  local result = {}
  for _, pool in ipairs(pools) do
    result[pool.name] = kumo.make_egress_pool(pool)
  end
  return result
end

-- Wrap setup_pools as a caching version called get_pool_config
local get_pool_config = kumo.memoize(setup_pools, {
  name = 'setup-my-pools',
  ttl = '5 minutes',
  capacity = 10,
})

kumo.on('get_egress_source', function(source_name)
  return kumo.make_egress_source {
    name = source_name,
    source_address = SOURCE_TO_IP[source_name],
  }
end)

kumo.on('get_egress_pool', function(pool_name)
  local pools = get_pool_config()
  return pools[pool_name]
end)

For more information, see the make_egress_pool chapter of the Reference Manual.